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by Roelf Nel


Landscape Design is not a new idea. Almost everyone who owns a home would care to beautify it. However, the task can be a daunting one especially if you have inadequate knowledge of the principles of landscape design. You will need the skills and information on how to go about landscaping to create a welcoming outdoors retreat.

Landscaping is not an easy task and therefore you’ve got to arm yourself of the necessary know-how of the principles of landscape design. It does not matter whether you plan to create your own landscape design or you wish to copy the already existing ones from magazines or brochures. What is important is you incorporate its principles.

Getting a grasp of the principles of landscape design only serves as an aid for you so that you could come up with the creative ideas. A great landscape is always appreciated by the eyes of its maker. And that is you. If you see the beauty of your creation then so be it. Below are the important principles of design that you need to be aware of.

Unity. This is one of the main goals of landscaping. This is further referred to as repetition and consistency. Repetition is created by repeating the nature elements like those of the plants, décor, and other plant groups throughout all of the landscape. Consistency creates unity when all of the used elements fit together to make up a whole. Unity is further achieved by the combination of texture, height, colour schemes, and size of the employed elements thereby harmony is created.

Simplicity. This is a very integral principle of landscape design. The themes need to be simple so that beauty would be achieved. Do not employ an over decorated landscape design.

Balance. This refers to equality in every element employed therein. There are two categories of balance in the principles of landscape design. They are symmetrical and asymmetrical. Symmetrical balance means the matching elements used must be spaced equally whereas asymmetrical balance means that the variations of elements are allowed but they must be able to create differing attractions.

Colour. This is what gives life to the landscape. The neutral colours are best to be used for the background of the bright colours. Colour is able to direct the attention of one to the landscape design.

Natural transition. It means a gradual change that may be ascending or descending. It needs to be employed in the colours, sizes, texture, and the likes.

Lines. They do suggest meanings and emotions. The lines used in the entryways, way beds and walkways are suggestive of flowing or abrupt effects.

Proportion. This means the relation of the size of all the elements with one another.

Repetition. This is mainly related to the principle of unity. When properly done, a diversified dose of expression is created.

Never take it negatively—the principles of landscape design are your guide so never treat them as if they are very strict rules. Good luck to your landscape design endeavour!

Get some more landscape design ideas visiting our Pinterest Board.

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The Vital Principles of Landscape Design